Case Studies

Some of the most common problems Dr Jackson treats in her equine patients include:

  • Sharp enamel points - A horse’s lower jaw is narrower than their upper jaw, so when they grind their feed the outside of the top molars and the inside of the bottom molars don’t get worn down and can become very sharp.
  • Hooks and ramps - Most commonly found on the front of the upper premolar 2, or on the back of the lower last molar, these can get very sharp and can be uncomfortable when pressure from the bit pulls the cheeks onto the sharp point. In severe cases they can even get so large that they can start to dig into the opposing gum, causing severe ulceration and discomfort.
  • Wave mouths - This is where at least two of the molars in one arcade are higher than the others. If the teeth were viewed from the side, the grinding surface forms a wave rather than a straight line.
  • Excessive transverse ridges (ETRs)
  • Periodontal Disease - This is often secondary to one or more of the above conditions. Discomfort when eating can lead to abnormal mastication and can cause separation of the cheek teeth, allowing food material and bacteria to pack in between the teeth. The bacteria can break down the connective tissue and bone that hold the teeth in place. Without treatment, eventually the tooth is lost when there is insufficient support. Once the bone is lost it cannot be replaced but if treated early in the progression of the disease, it can be controlled and managed.
  • Incisor abnormalities - Smile/ frown bite, slant mouth (see case studies), irregular incisors, retained deciduous incisors (see case studies), parrot/ sow mouth etc.